Can one LU be in multiple devices?

Mallikarjun C. cbm at
Mon Sep 27 17:53:41 PDT 2004

* From the T10 Reflector (t10 at, posted by:
* "Mallikarjun C." <cbm at>
iSCSI allows one "network entity" to host multiple SCSI devices. Since 
all the LU inventory is accesible in the same physical box, each LU can 
actually be a member of multiple SCSI devices and there are some 
advantages in doing that.  A similar situation exists for 
multi-networked devices and virtualization boxes.

I'd like to solicit input from this list on this question: is it 
SAM-3-compliant to have one LU appear in multiple devices?

Jim Hafner and I had an offline email discussion on this.  Jim's 
position was that LUs appearing in multiple devices is legal, because 
(paraphrasing him; Jim, please add/correct):
- It is technically no different from dual-controller arrays (same LU 
can be presented on each I_T nexus, and the nexus ID doesn't include the 
device identifier).
- Storage virtualizers do this today as well.
- Target Reset task management function leads to different results if 
the LU is contained in two devices versus one device, but the recent 
obsolescence of Target Reset helps.

I tended to concur with him, but after looking through the SAM-3 
drawings, I am not sure.  Here's my reasoning:

1. SAM-3's hierarchy diagrams show containment relationships (3.6.1 
makes this clear).

2. Figure 11 and Figure 14 (in 4.7.2 & 4.8 respectively) together imply 
to me that a device server is contained within a SCSI device.

3. From the same figures, the containment relationship between the 
target device object & the device server object is 1-to-1.  IOW, Figure 
11 does not show a Logical Unit being contained in more than one SCSI 
target device (more precisely, the SCSI target device box is not shaded).

Putting these things together, having one LU (i.e. with all the 
composition shown in Figure 14) show up as a contained object in 
multiple discrete SCSI target device instances seems disallowed.

Now the questions are:  Is my reading of the drawings correct?  If so, 
is this prohibition (that each LU belongs to one and only SCSI device) 

Comments would help.  Thanks.

Mallikarjun Chadalapaka
Networked Storage Architecture
Network Storage Solutions
Hewlett-Packard MS 5668
Roseville CA 95747
cbm [at]

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