Clearing effects of logouts on different protocols

Elliott, Robert Robert.Elliott at
Thu Feb 21 09:49:58 PST 2002

* From the T10 Reflector (t10 at, posted by:
* "Elliott, Robert" <Robert.Elliott at>
FCP/FCP-2 logical units release a classic (non-persistent) reservation
whenever the initiator holding the reservation logs out (see section 4.9
table 4 "Clearing effects of link related functions").  iSCSI is headed
down the same path (see Mallikarjun Chadalapaka's proposed clearing
effects table posted to the ips mailing list). pSCSI (Parallel SCSI), 
on the other hand, has no login/logout process, so classic reservations 
|from an idle initiator persist until power loss (or bus reset, 

In the last SRP conference call, we discussed a letter ballot comment
|from George Penokie requesting that logouts NOT clear reservations -
following pSCSI rather than FCP.  In earlier SRP discussions, it was 
proposed that targets might force logouts in busy systems to reclaim 
resources from idle initiators.  The initiator could login later 
when it has work to do.  If we follow FCP semantics and let this 
have side-effects, however, it might not be a good idea.

Any differences in the protocols make protocol bridges difficult to 
implement.  FC to pSCSI bridges (routers) face this issue today.
I'd like SRP to iSCSI, iSCSI to FC, SRP to FC, etc. bridges to
have an easier time.

Assume a FC initiator is using a pSCSI target which is presented as 
a FC target by a bridge.  If the FC initiator has a reservation and 
logs out, the FC initiator software can assume its reservation was 
cleared. The pSCSI target, though, will continue to hold the 
reservation; it didn't see the logout.

This can be handled if the bridge sends a LOGICAL UNIT RESET task
management function to the pSCSI target whenever a FCP logout occurs.
This is a bit cumbersome and I don't know if any bridges do this.

The same concerns apply to mode pages (reverting to default or saved),
log pages (revert to saved or default), reporting of ACA/unit
attention/deferred errors (lost), etc.

One suggestion in the call was to add a new optional bit to the control
mode page that instructs the logical unit to save everything across
logouts.  This bit is protocol-independent. The protocol-related
effect of the bit is to violate the protocol standard's clearing 
effects rules (for FCP-2).  New protocol standards could be cognizant 
of the bit and mention how it changes their clearing effect rules.

All the fabric protocols (any protocol that has the login/logout 
concept) would continue to default to clearing everything. New 
protocols would mention that this bit exists and changes the
clearing effects.

Targets on any protocol could implement the bit, offering software
new friendlier semantics.  pSCSI targets could implement the bit 
to relieve bridges of the need to send LOGICAL UNIT RESET to keep 
them in sync with fabric logouts.

Bit set to 0 means the behavior is protocol-specific like today;
some protocols clear, others don't.

Bit set to 1 means the behavior is well defined (don't clear 
anything except on power cycles, TARGET RESET, or LOGICAL 

The questions are:
* should iSCSI clear or not?
* should SRP clear or not?
* should we add a control mode page bit to allow not clearing?
* should mode pages/log pages/etc. all be handled the same?

Rob Elliott, Compaq Server Storage
Robert.Elliott at

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